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Document ID (ISN)78715
CIS number 02-737
ISSN - Serial title 0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Year 2001
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Austin C.C., Dussault G., Ecobichon D.J.
Title Municipal firefighter exposure groups, time spent at fires and use of self-contained-breathing-apparatus
Bibliographic information Dec. 2001, Vol.40, No.6, p.683-692. Illus. 37 ref.
Abstract The objective of this study was to develop better estimates of firefighter exposures for use in future epidemiological studies. The study population consisted of the 1883 firefighters of the fire department of the city of Montreal. The storage and distribution of self-contained-breathing-apparatus (SCBAs) were tracked for 12 months. Time spent at fires and use of SCBAs were calculated. Eight firefighter exposure groups were identified (based on job title, assignment to a fire district and time spent at fires), ranging from no exposures to 3,244min/year/firefighter. SCBAs appear to have been used for approximately 50% of the time at structural fires but for only 6% of the time at all fires. Failure of previous studies to identify homogeneous exposure groups may have resulted in misclassification and underestimates of health risks. The approach used in this study should facilitate the highlighting of exposure/response relationships in future epidemiological studies.
Descriptors (primary) fire fighting; fire services; risk factors; toxic gases; respiratory diseases
Descriptors (secondary) Canada; smoke; inhalation toxicity; epidemiologic study; self-contained breathing apparatus; exposure evaluation
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceCanada
Subject(s) Commerce, services, offices
Broad subject area(s) Industries and occupations
Browse category(ies) Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)
Fire fighting, police, prisons and the armed forces