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Document ID (ISN)78701
CIS number 02-845
ISSN - Serial title 1529-8663 - AIHA Journal
Year 2001
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Goyer N., Lavoie J.
Title Emissions of chemical compounds and bioaerosols during the secondary treatment of paper mill effluents
Bibliographic information May-June 2001, Vol.62, No.3, p.330-341. Illus. 27 ref.
Abstract Measurements were taken in summer in 11 Canadian paper mills during a 2- to 3-day period in each mill and identified and quantified the main chemical compounds and the bioaerosols emitted during the biological treatment of paper mill effluents. Sulfur compounds had the highest concentrations in the air. Next were the carbon and nitrogen oxides, ammonia, some organic acids and terpenes, which come from wood. Odour perception thresholds for most of these substances are much lower than those established to protect the health of workers. Gram-negative bacteria were high at only one site, whereas the mould Aspergillus fumigatus was occasionally present at low concentration. The highest concentrations were measured where there was water or dust aerosolization. Emissions are managed by controlling the operations that lead to the dispersion of water and particles into the air and through the wearing of personal protective equipment. Stringent personal hygiene measures remain the best means of prevention for bioaerosols.
Descriptors (primary) airborne dust; bacterial toxins; effluents; sludge; pulp and paper industry; olfaction; odour control; sulfur and compounds; personal hygiene
Descriptors (secondary) Canada; sulfur dioxide; carbon monoxide; ammonia; terpenes; Aspergillus fumigatus; odour threshold; evaluation of control measures; threshold of discomfort; personal protective equipment; pollution control; sulfur; biological hazards; odour pollution; air sampling; nitrogen dioxide
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceCanada
Subject(s) Paper-making and printing
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Diseases of other sense organs (other than the eye and the ears)
Heating and air conditioning
Inorganic sulfur compounds
Paper and paper products industry
Inorganic substances