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Document ID (ISN)78688
CIS number 02-676
ISSN - Serial title 0300-0559 - Revue de mÚdecine du travail
Year 2000
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Caroyer J.M., Strauss P.
Title Cancer among Belgian coal miners
Original title Pathologie cancÚreuse chez les houilleurs belges [in French]
Bibliographic information Jan.-Feb. 2000, Vol.XXVII, No.1, p.60-63. Illus. 41 ref.
Abstract Coal miners are exposed to silica. However, the possibly carcinogenic effect of silica exposure is uncertain, the various studies on lung cancer risks published to date remaining inconclusive. The objective of this study was to determine the level of occurrence of neoplasms, in particular of the lungs, among Belgian coal miners compared to the overall population. The study involved examining the medical files of 1466 miners having received compensation for silicosis and for whom the cause of death and the state of health at the end of their lives was known. Although not statistically significant, the incidence of neoplasms was 32.6% in miners as opposed to 24.9% in the overall population. A statistically significant relationship was found for bronchial cancer and myeloma. However, the possibly confounding roles of other factors such as smoking and exposure to radon cannot be excluded.
Descriptors (primary) silicosis; coal mining; risk factors; cancer
Descriptors (secondary) compensation of occupational diseases; Belgium; radon; silica; smoking; neoplasms; myeloma; bladder tumour; bronchial cancer; gastrointestinal cancer; confounding factors; mortality
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceBelgium
Subject(s) Mines and quarries
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Pneumoconioses
Mining and quarrying
Radon