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CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)78535
CIS number 02-657
ISSN - Serial title 1076-2752 - Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Year 2001
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Meijer E., Grobbee D.E., Heederik D.J.J.
Title Health surveillance for occupational chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Bibliographic information May 2001, Vol.43, No.5, p.444-450. Illus. 17 ref.
Abstract Screening for lung disease in all workers with a low prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) would lead to unacceptable costs. Surveillance of high-risk groups may be a useful alternative. Data from 314 workers exposed to dust were used to develop a prediction model. Data from a study comprising 96 rubber workers were used to validate the model's performance. COPD was defined as a ratio of forced expiratory volume in 1 second to forced vital capacity outside the 5th percentile. Shortness of breath, wheeze, heavy smoking, and work-related lower respiratory symptoms were identified as independent determinants of having COPD. Workers with COPD can be distinguished from those without COPD on the basis of a medical and work-related questionnaire, providing occupational physicians with a low-cost strategy for detecting workers at risk for COPD.
Descriptors (primary) obstructive ventilatory impairment; chronic respiratory diseases; medical supervision; respirable dust
Descriptors (secondary) smoking; diagnosis; risk factors; respiratory function tests; occupational health survey
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceNetherlands
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)