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Document ID (ISN)78409
CIS number 02-834
ISSN - Serial title 1077-3525 - International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
Year 2001
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Ngowi A.V.F., Maeda D.N., Wesseling C., Partanen T.J., Sanga M.P., Mbise G.
Title Pesticide-handling practices in agriculture in Tanzania: Observational data from 27 coffee and cotton farms
Bibliographic information Oct.-Dec. 2001, Vol.7, No.4, p.326-332. Illus. 13 ref.
Abstract The practices of pesticide handling in agriculture were surveyed in 1991-1993 in Tanzania. The study involved 23 coffee farms with 246 persons exposed to hazardous practices, and four cotton farms with 45 exposed. A greater variety of pesticide formulations were used for coffee than for cotton, and by individual rather than cooperative farms. Coffee farms more often had unlabelled pesticide containers and missing mixing instructions. Cotton pesticides were found to be stored in bedrooms, near food and near open fires. Hazardous practices were more pronounced on individual than cooperative farms, with significant differences in pesticide storage areas, as well as in the use of unlabelled and non-original containers. The study demonstrated the need to train farmers in pesticide safety, strengthen advisory and regulatory services, and extend protection to farm workers' families.
Descriptors (primary) cotton farming; Tanzania, United Republic of; agriculture; unsafe practices; pesticides
Descriptors (secondary) safety and health training; long-term study
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceCosta Rica; Finland; Tanzania, United Republic of
Subject(s) Agriculture, fishing, animal husbandry
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Agriculture
Agricultural chemicals