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Document ID (ISN)78408
CIS number 02-833
ISSN - Serial title 1077-3525 - International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
Year 2001
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Kunstadter P., Prapamontol T., Sirirojn B.O., Sontirat A., Tansuhaj A., Khamboonruang C.
Title Pesticide exposures among Hmong farmers in Thailand
Bibliographic information Oct.-Dec. 2001, Vol.7, No.4, p.313-325. Illus. 12 ref.
Abstract Farmers of the Hmong ethnic minority in Thailand have abandoned shifting cultivation of subsistence crops and turned to chemical-intensive cultivation of permanent field cash crops. Three Hmong communities were studied. Most study participants applied chemicals, primarily to control insects, weeds, and fungus, by backpack and machine sprays and by hand. Hmong women have less Thai language skill than men and less information concerning hazards of exposure or use of protective clothing. Most Hmong know of the health hazards, but many fail to use adequate protective clothing to prevent exposure. Screening revealed a high proportion of Hmong adults with unsafe levels of cholinesterase inhibition, an indicator of exposure to organophosphate and carbamate pesticides. Exposure rates were as high among those not directly applying pesticides, suggesting that exposure also occurs by other routes.
Descriptors (primary) Thailand; exposure tests; agriculture; pesticides
Descriptors (secondary) protective clothing; safety consciousness; organophosphorus compounds; cholinesterase; pesticide spraying; exposure evaluation; unsafe practices; women; paraoccupational exposure; carbamates
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceThailand; USA
Subject(s) Agriculture, fishing, animal husbandry
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Agricultural chemicals
Biological monitoring