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Document ID (ISN)78407
CIS number 02-832
ISSN - Serial title 1077-3525 - International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
Year 2001
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Das R., Steege A., Baron S., Beckman J., Harrison R.
Title Pesticide-related illness among migrant farm workers in the United States
Bibliographic information Oct.-Dec. 2001, Vol.7, No.4, p.303-312. 79 ref.
Abstract Medical surveillance data show that pesticide-related illness is an important cause of acute morbidity among migrant farm workers in California. A few categories (organophosphates, carbamates, inorganic compounds, and pyrethroids) account for over half of the cases of acute illness. Skin effects dominate the illnesses, although ocular and systemic effects are also common. Pesticide hazards should be ranked based on acute toxicity, chronic toxicity (including reproductive risks), carcinogenic potency, volume applied, and magnitude of worker poisonings. Risk prevention should focus on substitution of safer compounds, establishing effective protections, and ensuring that these measures are enforced. Improved education for health care providers should be a priority. Growers should be educated about alternative forms of pest control and incentives should be provided to encourage their use.
Descriptors (primary) California; occupational diseases; agriculture; pesticides; migrant workers; morbidity
Descriptors (secondary) poisoning; training of OSH personnel; antifertility effects; inorganic chemicals; acute toxicity; organophosphorus compounds; eye injuries; carbamates; skin diseases; substitution; chronic toxicity; carcinogenic effects; enforcement; pyrethroids
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Agriculture, fishing, animal husbandry
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Agricultural chemicals
Genetic factors in reaction to exposures
Agriculture