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Document ID (ISN)78405
CIS number 02-830
ISSN - Serial title 1077-3525 - International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
Year 2001
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Wesseling C., Aragˇn A., Castillo L., Corriols M., Chaverri F., de la Cruz E., Keifer M., Monge P., Partanen T.J., Ruepert C., van Wendel de Joode B.
Title Hazardous pesticides in Central America
Bibliographic information Oct.-Dec. 2001, Vol.7, No.4, p.287-294. Illus. 72 ref.
Abstract The use of pesticides in Central America increased significantly between 1985 and 1999. Exposure levels are high, and acute poisonings remain a severe problem. Delayed and long-lasting health effects include dermatoses, cancer, and genotoxic, neurotoxic, and respiratory effects. Regulation based on local working conditions data is lacking. The most effective way to reduce risk is to greatly reduce pesticide use. Actions needed include: developing multidisciplinary strategies for local studies on health and environmental impact of pesticides; developing sustainable non-chemical agricultural technologies; evaluating the effectiveness of programmes; extending and sharing expertise within the region; strengthening unions and communities; redefining the role of industry toward development of safer products, with responsible marketing and reliable information.
Descriptors (primary) Latin America; pesticides; developing countries; limitation of exposure; harmful substances
Descriptors (secondary) neurotoxic effects; information dissemination; DNA; skin diseases; respiratory impairment; programme evaluation; health hazards; international cooperation; exposure evaluation
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceCosta Rica; Nicaragua; Netherlands; USA
Subject(s) Agriculture, fishing, animal husbandry
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) OSH in developing countries
Agricultural chemicals