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Document ID (ISN)78347
CIS number 02-234
ISSN - Serial title 0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Year 2001
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Oliver L.C., Miracle-McMahill H., Littman A.B., Oakes J.M., Gaita R.R.
Title Respiratory symptoms and lung function in workers in heavy and highway construction: A cross-sectional study
Bibliographic information July 2001, Vol.40, No.1, p.73-86. Illus. 36 ref.
Abstract Respiratory symptoms and lung function were examined in labourers, tunnel workers (TWs) and operating engineers (OEs) in highway and tunnel construction. Data were obtained on 389 unionized workers: 186 labourers, 45 TWs, and 158 OEs. Prevalence of asthma was 13 and 11.4% for labourers and operating engineers, respectively, and of symptomatic chronic bronchitis, 6.5 and 1.9%, respectively. Odds ratios (OR) for undiagnosed asthma were significantly elevated in TWs compared to OEs, and marginally elevated for chronic bronchitis. Inverse relationships were observed between duration of membership of the union, and risk for asthma and chronic bronchitis. Asthma predicted lower FEV1. TWs, labourers, and OEs in highway construction are at increased risk for asthma. TWs also appear to be at increased risk for chronic bronchitis. The data suggest that symptomatic workers are self-selecting out of their trade. Asthma was associated with lower lung function in those affected.
Descriptors (primary) road work; chronic bronchitis; pulmonary function; tunnelling; asthma
Descriptors (secondary) healthy worker effect; respiratory function tests; cross-sectional study
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Construction industry
Broad subject area(s) Industries and occupations
Browse category(ies) Road transportation
Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)