|Document ID (ISN)||78149|
|ISSN - Serial title
||1219-1221 - Central European Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
|Convention or series no.
||Cebulska-Wasilewska A., Wierzewska A., Dyga W., Drąg Z., Siffel C., Horváth M., Au W.
||Induction of DNA and cytogenic damage in lymphocytes of Polish workers exposed to pesticides
||2000, Vol.6, No.4, p.272-287. Illus. 18 ref.
||This paper presents preliminary data from the Polish subgroup of a joint research program (Greece, Hungary, Poland, and Spain) investigating the relationship between exposure to agrochemicals and the induction of genotoxicity in human cells. Blood samples were collected from male donors (50 persons in a reference group and 50 persons in a group occupationally exposed to pesticides). The collected samples were analysed for the induction of DNA strand breaks and of chromosome damage. Analysis of the data from the interviews revealed that the occupationally exposed group showed significantly higher frequency of some health problems (cardiovascular disorders, kidney, neurological and dermatological problems, infections). The exposed group also had higher levels of DNA damage and sister chromatid exchanges compared to the reference group. It was also found that cigarette smoking played an important role influencing the biomarker response. Although the farmers in Poland have been using safety devices when handling pesticides, more rigorous procedures need to be employed.
||Poland; DNA; exposure tests; genetic effects; agriculture; pesticides
||smoking; determination in blood; chromosome changes; case-control study
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||Hungary; Poland; USA|
||Toxic and dangerous substances
|Broad subject area(s)
Genetic factors in reaction to exposures
Antifertility and prenatal effects