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Document ID (ISN)78135
CIS number 02-449
ISSN - Serial title 0169-8141 - International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics
Year 2001
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Nussbaum M.A., Torres N.
Title Effects of training in modifying working methods during common patient-handling activities
Bibliographic information Jan. 2001, Vol.27, No.1, p.33-41. Illus. 26 ref.
Abstract It is generally recommended that workers who perform strenuous physical exertions be given training in proper techniques to minimize musculoskeletal risks. In the present study, the effects of training were examined at a behavioral level, and it was assumed that any long-term reduction in injuries must be preceded by measurable changes in how exertions are performed. Because of high injury incidence rates among nurses, common patient-handling tasks were the basis of the study. Participants performed several such tasks and sub-groups received training that consisted of either a commercial video or combined lecture and practice sessions. Compared to a control group, postural, and biomechanical measures were significantly altered following training. Specifically, training was associated with the adoption of a more upright lifting posture. The results suggest that training can modify behavior in an intended direction.
Descriptors (primary) manual lifting; safety and health training; nursing personnel; work posture
Descriptors (secondary) musculoskeletal diseases; body mechanics; motion study
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Commerce, services, offices
Broad subject area(s) Physiology, ergonomics
Browse category(ies) OSH training
Health care services
Work posture