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Document ID (ISN)78104
CIS number 02-308
ISSN - Serial title 1077-3525 - International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
Year 2001
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Wesseling C., Hogstedt C., Fernandez P., Ahlbom A.
Title Time trends of occupational pesticide-related injuries in Costa Rica, 1982-1992
Bibliographic information Jan.-Mar. 2001, Vol.7, No.1, p.1-6. Illus. 21 ref.
Abstract To evaluate time trends of occupational pesticide-related injuries in Costa Rica, accidents reported among wage-earning workers during the months of June of the years 1982, 1987, and 1992 were analysed. The overall incidence rates were 1.8, 2.7, and 2.5 per 1,000 agricultural workers, respectively. Rates among female workers increased (3.1, 3.7, 5.4) and were elevated as compared with male workers (1.7, 2.6, 2.3). The trend for topical lesions was upgoing (1.2, 1.4, 2.1), consistent with an increased use of fungicides and lack of safety measures for pesticides with low acute toxicity. Systemic poisonings peaked in 1987 (0.6, 1.2, 0.5), declining in 1992 with increased use of biologic pest control and pyrethroid insecticides less toxic than cholinesterase inhibitors, and improved safety during nematocide applications on banana plantations.
Descriptors (primary) occupational accidents; agriculture; pesticides; Costa Rica
Descriptors (secondary) pesticide poisoning; frequency rates; sex-linked differences; statistical trends
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceCosta Rica; Sweden
Subject(s) Agriculture, fishing, animal husbandry
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Agriculture
Agricultural chemicals