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Document ID (ISN)78063
CIS number 02-314
ISSN - Serial title 0105-1873 - Contact Dermatitis
Year 2001
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Funke U., Faratsch M., Diepgen T.L.
Title Incidence of work-related hand eczema during apprenticeship: First results of a prospective cohort study in the car industry
Bibliographic information Mar. 2001, Vol.44, No.3, p.166-172. Illus. 12 ref.
Abstract A total of 2078 apprentices in the Audi automobile company in Germany were investigated at the start of their apprenticeship and systematically followed up over a 3-year period for occupational contact dermatitis. The 1-year cumulative incidence of hand eczema was 9.2% in metalworkers, 8.8% in other blue-collar workers, and 4.6% in white-collar apprentices, while the 3-year cumulative incidence was 15.3%, 14.1% and 6.9% respectively. Among women, the cumulative incidence was higher than in men (1-year incidence 10.1% versus 8.3%; 3-year incidence 16.1% versus 13.6%). In some occupations, such as in cooks, tool mechanics, milling cutters and painters, the incidence was significantly higher than expected. Within the first six months of apprenticeship, there was a particularly high rate of hand eczema, which then declined and remained steady at a lower rate over the 2nd and the 3rd years. Suggested preventive measures include reducing exposures and offering special medical advice to high-risk groups.
Descriptors (primary) skin allergies; apprentices; motor vehicle industry; eczema
Descriptors (secondary) Germany; cooking; painting; hand; limitation of exposure; white-collar workers; metalworking industry; sex-linked differences; high-risk groups; medical supervision; blue-collar workers; cohort study
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceGermany
Subject(s) Metal production and metalworking
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Motor vehicle manufacturing industry
Allergies
Skin diseases