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Document ID (ISN)78042
CIS number 02-284
ISSN - Serial title 1529-8663 - AIHA Journal
Year 2000
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Hwang Y.H., Chao K.Y., Chang C.W., Hsiao F.T., Chang H.L., Han H.Z.
Title Lip lead as an alternative measure for lead exposure assessment of lead battery assembly workers
Bibliographic information Nov.-Dec. 2000, Vol.61, No.6, p.825-831. Illus. 31 ref.
Abstract Air lead, lead loadings on workers' sleeves, gloves, hands, cheeks, and lips, and blood lead were determined in 96 workers from a lead battery plant in Taiwan. A questionnaire also was administered on work history, suspected exogenous lead sources, and personal behaviour and activities. Total air lead at different sub-areas ranged from 0.070 to 0.159mg/m3. Respirable air lead level for different subgroups of workers varied from 0.009 to 0.032mg/m3, whereas those of the blood lead level ranged from 22.4 to 44.5µg/dL. The heaviest lead loadings were found for plate-processing workers (66.4 on gloves, 0.80 on cheeks, and 0.79µg/cm2 on bare-hands after washing). Blood lead level was significantly correlated with lead levels in air, lead loadings on lips, and bare hands after washing. Regression analysis shows that only lip lead can be used as an alternative index of lead exposure through ingestion.
Descriptors (primary) lead; exposure tests; battery and dry cell manufacture
Descriptors (secondary) ingestion; respirable dust; determination in blood; determination in air; exposure evaluation
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceTaiwan (China)
Subject(s) Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Biological monitoring
Manufacturing of electrical appliances and equipment
Lead and compounds
Inorganic substances