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Document ID (ISN)77947
CIS number 02-362
ISSN - Serial title 1877-7856 - Encyclopédie médico-chirurgicale
Year 2001
Convention or series no. Fascicule 16-002-B-30
Author(s) Vergoustraete V., Bernard A.
Title Cadmium
Original title Cadmium [in French]
Bibliographic information Toxicologie-Pathologie professionnelle, 3rd Quarter 2001, No.132, 5p. 46 ref.
Abstract Cadmium is a by-product of the zinc and lead industries, metals to which it is closely associated in nature. The wide variety of industrial applications have facilitated its environmental dispersion. It has a very high half-life and accumulates in the body. The inhalation for a brief period of high concentrations of cadmium smoke or dust damages the respiratory tract, a condition not to be confused with metal fume fever. In cases of chronic exposure to moderate concentrations, the target organs are the kidneys. Recently, it has been suggested that cadmium could be responsible for bone lesions among moderately-exposed subjects. Cadmium is generally considered to be a lung carcinogen. The diagnosis of cadmium poisoning is based on medical history, a search for tubular proteinuria and the evidence of excessive levels of the metal in blood and/or urine. In France, the compensation of diseases caused by cadmium or its compounds is regulated.
Descriptors (primary) toxic effects; toxicology; France; cadmium and compounds
Descriptors (secondary) carcinogens; compensation of occupational diseases; respiratory diseases; lung cancer; bone lesions; data sheet; diagnosis; inhalation toxicity; nephrotoxic effects; cadmium; encyclopaedia; metal fumes
Document type F - Information notes, codes of practice, standards
Country / State or ProvinceBelgium
Subject(s) Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Cadmium and compounds
Inorganic substances