|Document ID (ISN)||77666|
|ISSN - Serial title
||1250-3274 - Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail
|Convention or series no.
||Yéboué-Kouamé B.Y., Bonny J.S., Ahimon E., Ahoussi E., Wognin S.B., Eholié S.P., Kouassy M.Y.
||Epidemiological study of tetanus in Abidjan and implications for occupational health
||Etude épidémiologique du tétanos à Abidjan et incidences professionnelles [in French]|
||May 1999, Vol.60, No.2, p.132-135. 10 ref.
||To estimate occupational factors in the development of tetanus and the role occupational health in its prevention, a retrospective study was conducted, based on the files of tetanus in the infectious diseases unit of an Ivory Coast university hospital between 1990 and 1995. 393 new cases or 65.5 cases per year were registered. The sex ratio was 4.3 in favour of men. Among the cases, 5% had received anti-tetanus serum. Only one patient was correctly vaccinated. The portal was a recent wound in 50% of the cases, and the location was the lower limbs in 63.9% of the patients. In 54.4% of the files, a relation between tetanus and the occupation was mentioned. Shopkeepers, restaurant owners, domestic employees and housewives appeared more exposed. Prevention of tetanus would require the development of occupational health and mandatory anti-tetanus vaccination of workers in the sectors of activity identified as being risky.
||occupational hygiene; Côte d'Ivoire; tetanus
||restaurants; domestic and related helpers, cleaners; vaccination; sex-linked differences
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||Côte d'Ivoire|
|Broad subject area(s)
Bacterial and parasitic diseases