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Document ID (ISN)77666
CIS number 01-1829
ISSN - Serial title 1250-3274 - Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail
Year 1999
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Yéboué-Kouamé B.Y., Bonny J.S., Ahimon E., Ahoussi E., Wognin S.B., Eholié S.P., Kouassy M.Y.
Title Epidemiological study of tetanus in Abidjan and implications for occupational health
Original title Etude épidémiologique du tétanos à Abidjan et incidences professionnelles [in French]
Bibliographic information May 1999, Vol.60, No.2, p.132-135. 10 ref.
Abstract To estimate occupational factors in the development of tetanus and the role occupational health in its prevention, a retrospective study was conducted, based on the files of tetanus in the infectious diseases unit of an Ivory Coast university hospital between 1990 and 1995. 393 new cases or 65.5 cases per year were registered. The sex ratio was 4.3 in favour of men. Among the cases, 5% had received anti-tetanus serum. Only one patient was correctly vaccinated. The portal was a recent wound in 50% of the cases, and the location was the lower limbs in 63.9% of the patients. In 54.4% of the files, a relation between tetanus and the occupation was mentioned. Shopkeepers, restaurant owners, domestic employees and housewives appeared more exposed. Prevention of tetanus would require the development of occupational health and mandatory anti-tetanus vaccination of workers in the sectors of activity identified as being risky.
Descriptors (primary) occupational hygiene; Côte d'Ivoire; tetanus
Descriptors (secondary) restaurants; domestic and related helpers, cleaners; vaccination; sex-linked differences
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceCôte d'Ivoire
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Biological hazards
Browse category(ies) Domestic workers
Bacterial and parasitic diseases