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Document ID (ISN)77636
CIS number 01-1711
ISSN - Serial title 0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Year 2000
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Rodrígez V., Tardón A., Kogevinas M., Prieto C.S., Cueto A., García M., Menéndez I.A., Zaplana J.
Title Lung cancer risk in iron and steel foundry workers: A nested case-control study in Asturias, Spain
Bibliographic information Dec. 2000, Vol.38, No.6, p.644-650. 41 ref.
Abstract To examine the risk of lung cancer among iron and steel workers, a nested case-control study was conducted involving 144 male lung cancer cases and 558 controls, selected from a study base of 24,400 workers employed in a large foundry between 1952 and 1995. Workers were, on an average, heavy smokers and a very strong relation was observed for smoking (OR for "ever smoker" = 32.4). Workers having ever been employed in the blast furnace had an excess lung cancer risk (OR = 2.55) compared to a reference group of workers not employed in metal producing departments. A similar excess was observed for workers having their longest held job in the blast furnace. A two-fold risk was also observed for workers in the main foundry. A high risk was observed for workers employed in departments with high exposure to crystalline silica, PAHs, and various other carcinogenic chemicals.
Descriptors (primary) lung cancer; steelworks; risk factors
Descriptors (secondary) carcinogens; Spain; aromatic hydrocarbons; silica; smoking; length of exposure; polycyclic hydrocarbons; hazard evaluation; case-control study; confounding factors; blast furnaces
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceSpain
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Industries and occupations
Browse category(ies) Iron and steel industry
Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)