|Document ID (ISN)||77636|
|ISSN - Serial title
||0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
|Convention or series no.
||Rodrígez V., Tardón A., Kogevinas M., Prieto C.S., Cueto A., García M., Menéndez I.A., Zaplana J.
||Lung cancer risk in iron and steel foundry workers: A nested case-control study in Asturias, Spain
||Dec. 2000, Vol.38, No.6, p.644-650. 41 ref.
||To examine the risk of lung cancer among iron and steel workers, a nested case-control study was conducted involving 144 male lung cancer cases and 558 controls, selected from a study base of 24,400 workers employed in a large foundry between 1952 and 1995. Workers were, on an average, heavy smokers and a very strong relation was observed for smoking (OR for "ever smoker" = 32.4). Workers having ever been employed in the blast furnace had an excess lung cancer risk (OR = 2.55) compared to a reference group of workers not employed in metal producing departments. A similar excess was observed for workers having their longest held job in the blast furnace. A two-fold risk was also observed for workers in the main foundry. A high risk was observed for workers employed in departments with high exposure to crystalline silica, PAHs, and various other carcinogenic chemicals.
||lung cancer; steelworks; risk factors
||carcinogens; Spain; aromatic hydrocarbons; silica; smoking; length of exposure; polycyclic hydrocarbons; hazard evaluation; case-control study; confounding factors; blast furnaces
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||Spain|
|Broad subject area(s)
||Industries and occupations
||Iron and steel industry
Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)