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Document ID (ISN)77337
CIS number 01-1477
ISSN - Serial title 1430-8681 - Umweltmedizin in Forschung und Praxis
Year 1999
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Michalak H., Hahn A., Begemann K., Heinemeyer G., Gundert-Remy U.
Title Health impairment upon exposure to products predominantly containing organophosphates and pyrethroids - Comparative evaluation of notifications of poisoning by physicians
Original title Gesundheitliche Beeinträchtigungen bei Expositionen mit überwiegend Organophosphat- und Pyrethroid-haltigen Produkten - Vergleichende Auswertungen der ärztlichen Mitteilungen bei Vergiftungen [in German]
Bibliographic information June 1999, Vol.4, No.3, p.134-143. Illus. 53 ref.
Abstract A total of 474 cases of exposure in Germany to insecticides containing organophosphates (OP) and/or pyrethroids (PY) were evaluated. Symptoms were analysed and attributed to acute and chronic exposure. Acute OP exposure produces typical known symptoms: miosis, dyspnoea, arrhythmia, shock and possibly coma. Acute PY exposure produces skin and eye irritation, and respiratory disturbances. It is concluded that acute exposure to OP and PY leads to effects that can be explained as acute poisoning. After chronic exposures, the symptoms developed may be induced by different processes.
Descriptors (primary) toxic effects; pesticide poisoning; pesticides; pyrethroids; organophosphorus compounds
Descriptors (secondary) shock; eye irritation; acute toxicity; Germany; insecticides; chronic toxicity; coma; cardiovascular disorders; respiratory diseases; skin eruption; dyspnoea
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceGermany
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Esters and salts
Agricultural chemicals