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Document ID (ISN)77270
CIS number 01-1432
ISSN - Serial title 1076-2752 - Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Year 2000
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Lewis R.J., Gamble J.F., Jorgensen G.
Title Mortality among three refinery/petrochemical plant cohorts - I. 1970 to 1982 active/terminated workers; II. Retirees
Bibliographic information July 2000, Vol.42, No.7, p.721-729; p.730-736. 53 ref.
Abstract This study updates mortality rates for 19,075 workers at three refinery and petrochemical plants in the United States. Results indicated deficits of deaths for all causes, all malignant neoplasms, and respiratory and prostate cancer. A significant increase in leukaemia among male subjects (standardized mortality ratio (SMR) = 181) was found for one of the locations, which showed trends of increasing SMRs with increasing tenure. This excess was largely due to increased chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (SMR 351). The rate of kidney cancer also remained elevated among male subjects at one of the locations, but this finding was no longer significant, and there were no patterns in SMRs by tenure and latency. Mesothelioma was increased at two locations (SMR 198 and 246). A second part of the study updates mortality data for 6238 retirees from the same three plants. Almost 90% of the cohort was deceased. Deaths from all causes (SMR 104) and all cancers (SMR 109) were elevated. Increased deaths due to kidney cancer, mesothelioma, and other lymphatic and haemopoietic tissue cancers were also observed.
Descriptors (primary) mortality; neoplasms; petrochemical industry; petroleum refining
Descriptors (secondary) mesothelioma; leukaemia; retired workers; renal cancer; cohort study; USA
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Chemicals, plastics and rubber
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Petroleum and natural gas industry
Petrochemical industry
Chemical industry