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Document ID (ISN)77099
CIS number 01-1078
ISSN - Serial title 0007-9936 - Cahiers de médecine interprofessionnelle
Year 1999
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Alcouffe J., Brehier M., Fau-Prudhomot P., Manillier P., Montéléon P.Y., Faupin F.
Title The employee water cycle: Role of the occupational physician
Original title Le cycle de l'eau chez les salariés: action du médecin du travail [in French]
Bibliographic information 1999, Vol.39, No.3, p.313-323. Illus. 10 ref.
Abstract To assess the working conditions of employees with respect to their possibilities of consuming and evacuating liquids at their place of work, and to investigate the existence of functional signs or symptoms related to disturbances in the water cycle, an investigation was carried out by 102 physicians in a sample of 1,301 employees. 95% had access to at least one source of water; 1.7% were prohibited from drinking due to specific workplace hazards; the quality of drinking water was rated satisfactory by 75% of employees, who overwhelmingly expressed their preference for water fountains; 90% had access to sanitary facilities close to the workplace, but 32% were not satisfied by their cleanliness and 40% by their ventilation; 20% avoided using the company toilets, while 37.4% claimed to hold back from urinating as long as possible. Disturbances in the water cycle are more frequent among women; the pathology occurring most often being cystitis (19.3 %), which is significantly associated with holding back from urinating as long as possible at the workplace. Occupational hygienists need to ensure that chilled water is available and that sanitary facilities are clean and well-ventilated.
Descriptors (primary) occupational hygiene evaluation; drinking water; sanitary facilities; water metabolism
Descriptors (secondary) small enterprises; cystitis; water requirements; drinking fountains; questionnaire survey; plant health services; sex-linked differences; workbreaks
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceFrance
Subject(s) Occupational physiology
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Nutrition
Blood diseases