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Document ID (ISN)77055
CIS number 01-1071
ISSN - Serial title 1076-2752 - Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Year 2000
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Gilliland F.D., Hunt W.C., Pardilla M., Key C.R.
Title Uranium mining and lung cancer among Navajo men in New Mexico and Arizona, 1969 to 1993
Bibliographic information Mar. 2000, Vol.42, No.3, p.278-283. 23 ref.
Abstract Navajo men who were underground miners have excess risk of lung cancer. To further characterize the long-term consequences of uranium mining in this high-risk population, lung cancer incidence among Navajo men residing in New Mexico and Arizona was examined from 1969 to 1993 and a population-based case-control study was conducted to estimate the risk of lung cancer for Navajo uranium miners. It was found that uranium mining contributed substantially to lung cancer among Navajo men over the 25-year period following the end of mining for the Navajo Nation. Sixty-three (67%) of the 94 lung cancers among Navajo men occurred in former uranium miners. The relative risk for a history of mining was 28.6. Smoking did not account for the strong relationship between lung cancer and uranium mining. The Navajo experience with uranium mining is a unique example of exposure in a single occupation accounting for the majority of lung cancers in an entire population.
Descriptors (primary) race-linked differences; uranium mining; hazard evaluation; lung cancer
Descriptors (secondary) USA; New Mexico; long-term study; case-control study; Arizona
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Mines and quarries
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)
Mining and quarrying
Risk evaluation