|Document ID (ISN)||76632|
|ISSN - Serial title
||Industrial Relations Journal
|Convention or series no.
||Safety, health and environment challenges of oil and gas industry in Pakistan
||July-Aug. 2000, Vol.17, No.4, p.11-13; 15-16.
||Hazards affecting the oil and gas industry are reviewed. BLEVE (boiling liquid evaporative vapour explosion) is associated with highly volatile liquid hydrocarbons such as LPG (liquid petroleum gas). Workers' health may be affected by acute or chronic exposures to toxic gases, such as hydrogen sulfide, which are often associated with oil or natural gas. Exposure to radioactive materials used for radiographic inspection, or from naturally-occurring radioactive elements during drilling may cause health problems. Methods for controlling these hazards through proper design, maintenance and inspection procedures are discussed. Reference is made to Pakistani laws on employee and environmental protection. It is desirable to have company-level safety, health and environmental (SHE) programmes that extend beyond the basic legal requirements. In Pakistan, improved awareness has resulted over the years in substantial reductions in injury rates and resulting lost workdays.
||occupational safety and health; plant safety and health organization; petroleum and natural gas industry
||safety consciousness; Pakistan; hydrogen sulfide; hydrocarbons; legislation; radioactive sources; economic aspects; environmental pollution; explosion hazards
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||Pakistan|
||Mines and quarries
|Broad subject area(s)
||Industries and occupations
||Petroleum and natural gas industry