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Document ID (ISN)76626
CIS number 01-790
ISSN - Serial title 0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Year 2000
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Sprince N.L., Lewis M.Q., Whitten P.S., Reynolds S.J., Zwerling C.
Title Respiratory symptoms: Associations with pesticides, silos, and animal confinement in the Iowa Farm Family Health and Hazard Surveillance Project
Bibliographic information Oct. 2000, Vol.38, No.4, p.455-462. 19 ref.
Abstract A population-based study was carried out in the state of Iowa (United States) in order to assess associations between symptoms of airway disease and several farm exposures, including to pesticides, grain dust, substances encountered in connection with animal confinement and in silos. A total of 385 farmer participants provided questionnaire responses concerning demographic, respiratory symptom, smoking and exposure information. The most frequently reported respiratory symptoms were flu-like symptoms in connection with dusty work (22%), dyspnoea (21%) and phlegm (15%). Applying pesticides to livestock was associated with significantly increased odds of phlegm (OR=1.91), chest ever wheezy (OR=3.92) and flu-like symptoms (OR=2.93). Conventional vertical silos were significantly associated with increased odds of chest ever wheezy (OR=2.75) and flu-like symptoms (OR=2.40). There were also significant associations between several respiratory symptoms and the presence of animal confinement facilities on the farm.
Descriptors (primary) livestock rearing; pesticides; agriculture; grain elevators; respiratory diseases
Descriptors (secondary) herbicides; USA; Iowa; frequency rates; expectoration; organic dust; questionnaire survey; insecticides
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Agriculture, fishing, animal husbandry
Broad subject area(s) Industries and occupations
Browse category(ies) Agricultural chemicals
Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)
Livestock rearing