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Document ID (ISN)76622
CIS number 01-836
ISSN - Serial title 0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Year 2000
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Kazerouni N., Thomas T.L., Petralia S.A., Hayes R.B.
Title Mortality among workers exposed to cutting oil mist: Update of previous reports
Bibliographic information Oct. 2000, Vol.38, No.4, p.410-416. 38 ref.
Abstract Earlier reports of the mortality of this cohort of automotive workers exposed to cutting oil mist followed from 1938 to 1967 noted an excess of gastrointestinal cancer. This report describes the mortality of the same workers until 1980. Cause-specific standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) were calculated by comparing the observed number of deaths to the expected numbers based on rates for the U.S. male population. The SMRs for cancers of the liver and biliary tract, as well as for testicular cancers, were significantly elevated. Among the subset of workers with heavy oil mist exposure, SMRs were significantly elevated for cancers of the lung and testis, and for Hodgkin's disease. The risk of death due to lung cancer was greatest among workers with heavy exposure to oil mist and employed for 15 or more years. Mortality due to stomach cancer was in excess among workers with heavy exposure to oil mist who were employed for 5 or more years. There were also significant excesses of deaths due to asthma and emphysema.
Descriptors (primary) oil mist; motor vehicle industry; cutting fluids; mortality
Descriptors (secondary) asthma; emphysema; frequency rates; cohort study; long-term study; cancer
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Mines and quarries
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Motor vehicle manufacturing industry