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Document ID (ISN)76598
CIS number 01-797
ISSN - Serial title 0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Year 2001
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Bourbonnais R., Mondor M.
Title Job strain and sickness absence among nurses in the Province of Quebec
Bibliographic information Feb. 2001, Vol.39, No.2, p.194-202. 40 ref.
Abstract The objective of this longitudinal study was to determine whether nurses exposed to occupational stress had a higher incidence of sick leave. Data on short-term sick and certified sick leaves were collected for 1,793 nurses for a 20-month period. A job content questionnaire was used to measure psychological demands, job decision latitude, and social support at work. Short-term sick leaves were associated with job strain (incidence density ratio (IDR) = 1.20) and with low social support at work (IDR = 1.26). Certified sick leaves were also significantly associated with low social support at work (IDR = 1.27 for all diagnoses and IDR = 1.78 for mental health diagnoses). Results support the association between stress and short-term sick leaves. The association with certified sick leaves is also significant for subgroups of nurses with specific job characteristics.
Descriptors (primary) sickness absenteeism; hospitals; women; stress factors; health care personnel
Descriptors (secondary) Canada; Quebec; human factors; social aspects; questionnaire survey; cross-sectional study; mental health
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceCanada
Subject(s) Commerce, services, offices
Broad subject area(s) Industries and occupations
Browse category(ies) Health care services
Mental stress and burnout