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Document ID (ISN)76465
CIS number 01-528
Year 2000
Convention or series no. DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No.2000-119 EPA Publication No.550-F-99-018
Title Preventing worker injuries and deaths from explosions in industrial ethylene oxide sterilization facilities
Bibliographic information Publications Dissemination, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-1998, USA, Apr. 2000. 32p. Illus. 31 ref.
Abstract Between 1994 and 1998, ethylene oxide (EtO) was involved in 10 explosions at industrial sterilization facilities and EtO repackaging plants in the United States. One of these explosions caused one death and 59 injuries among workers. This booklet offers guidance to employers, managers, supervisors, safety professionals and workers on preventing EtO explosions in industrial sterilization facilities. Contents include: properties and health effects of EtO; description of the industrial sterilization process; possible causes of EtO explosions; current standards; case reports; recommendations for workers, employers and EtO manufacturers.
Descriptors (primary) disinfection of equipment; plant safety organization; explosion hazards; ethylene oxide
Descriptors (secondary) responsibilities of employers; USA; case study; safety guides; fatalities; explosive atmosphere detection; information of personnel; injuries
Document type F - Information notes, codes of practice, standards
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Fire and explosions
Broad subject area(s) Fires, explosions and major hazards
Browse category(ies) Explosions
Ethers
Ethylene oxide