|Document ID (ISN)||76301|
|ISSN - Serial title
||0105-1873 - Contact Dermatitis
|Convention or series no.
||Lindberg M., Silverdahl M.
||The use of protective gloves and the prevalence of hand eczema, skin complaints and allergy to natural rubber latex among dental personnel in the county of Uppsala, Sweden
||July 2000, Vol.43, No.1, p.4-8. 27 ref.
||To evaluate the prevalence of acrylate allergy and natural rubber latex (NRL) allergy among dentists, dental nurses and dental hygienists were given a self-administered questionnaire. The most common problem among the 527 respondents was dry skin, fissures and/or itching of the hands. Of the 72 persons reporting to have suffered from hand eczema during the past 12 months, 41 were patch tested. In the patch-tested group, 9.8% reacted to one or more of the acrylates. In addition, 389 persons were tested for NRL allergy with the Pharmacia Upjohn CAP-RAST test, and of these, 7.2% were found to be positive. The prevalence of self-reported hand eczema and the number of positive CAP-RAST tests differed between the 3 occupations, with higher figures for the dentists. There was also a correlation between atopic eczema and hand eczema. Of those reporting skin symptoms, 67.7% associated them with the workplace and 28.8% with the use of gloves.
||protective gloves; allergens; dental services; skin diseases; eczema; latex
||Sweden; acrylates; skin allergies; frequency rates; questionnaire survey; skin tests; individual susceptibility; hand
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||Sweden|
||Medicine, hygiene and first aid
|Broad subject area(s)
Health care services
Hand and arm protection