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Document ID (ISN)76265
CIS number 01-204
ISSN - Serial title 0409-2961 - Bezopasnost' truda v promyšlennosti
Year 1999
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Andreeva N.N., Sitenkov V.T.
Title Selection of an accident development scenario in an oil plant
Original title Vybor scenarija razvitija avarii na neftjanom promysle [in Russian]
Bibliographic information July 1999, No.7, p.17-20. Illus.
Abstract This article examines theoretical and practical aspects of explosion hazards in a refinery. A basic assumption is that the plant can be divided into blocks that can be shut off in the case of malfunctions such as leakage. From any one block, the potential energy release should not exceed 3GJ. Safety equipment should match up to category 3 explosion hazard requirements. Two major explosion hazards are mentioned: firstly, explosive mixtures may form within a block during maintenance downtime, a situation which cannot be automatically controlled; secondly, fire may lead to an explosion hazard in a block that has been closed off in response to a malfunction; in this case, provision must be made for pressure release.
Descriptors (primary) petroleum refining; explosion hazards
Descriptors (secondary) explosion venting; safety devices; safety by design; maintenance; major hazards; fire hazards
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceRussian Federation
Subject(s) Fire and explosions
Broad subject area(s) Fires, explosions and major hazards
Browse category(ies) Explosions
Petrochemical industry
Petroleum and natural gas industry