|Document ID (ISN)||76265|
|ISSN - Serial title
||0409-2961 - Bezopasnost' truda v promyšlennosti
|Convention or series no.
||Andreeva N.N., Sitenkov V.T.
||Selection of an accident development scenario in an oil plant
||Vybor scenarija razvitija avarii na neftjanom promysle [in Russian]|
||July 1999, No.7, p.17-20. Illus.
||This article examines theoretical and practical aspects of explosion hazards in a refinery. A basic assumption is that the plant can be divided into blocks that can be shut off in the case of malfunctions such as leakage. From any one block, the potential energy release should not exceed 3GJ. Safety equipment should match up to category 3 explosion hazard requirements. Two major explosion hazards are mentioned: firstly, explosive mixtures may form within a block during maintenance downtime, a situation which cannot be automatically controlled; secondly, fire may lead to an explosion hazard in a block that has been closed off in response to a malfunction; in this case, provision must be made for pressure release.
||petroleum refining; explosion hazards
||explosion venting; safety devices; safety by design; maintenance; major hazards; fire hazards
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||Russian Federation|
||Fire and explosions
|Broad subject area(s)
||Fires, explosions and major hazards
Petroleum and natural gas industry