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Document ID (ISN)76176
CIS number 01-209
ISSN - Serial title 0042-1804 - Zeitschrift Forschung und Technik im Brandschutz
Year 1999
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Siepelmeyer-Kierdorf L.
Title Fire detection and fire fighting in municipal solid waste bunkers
Original title Erkennen und Bekämpfen von Bränden in Abfallbunkern [in German]
Bibliographic information Jan. 1999, Vol.48, No.1, p.3-14. Illus. 8 ref.
Abstract In Germany, there are no detailed regulations with regard to the detection and fighting of fires in storage bunkers of municipal solid waste incineration plants. A guideline to fill this gap is presently being prepared. Recommendations in this guideline form the basis of the presented practical tips for detecting and fighting of fires in solid waste bunkers. In addition, the special conditions prevailing in storage bunkers of solid waste incinerators were taken into consideration as were various fire detection and fire fighting methods. Fire detection by the crane operator should be preferred over the installation of automatic fire detectors. Infrared detectors are recommended in case the waste stays in the bunker for more than one week and round-the-clock surveillance by crane operators is not feasible. For fire fighting, water canons should be used rather than sprinkler systems. They can be better focussed on the site of a fire and the water jet penetrates deeper into the garbage. The additional fire protection components needed in a solid waste bunker such as smoke vents are discussed.
Descriptors (primary) garbage incineration; risk factors; fire protection
Descriptors (secondary) fire fighting; refuse; Germany; bulk solids storage; incinerators; bulk storage bins; water extinguishing systems; legislation; fire detection; infrared detectors; smoke vents
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceGermany
Subject(s) Commerce, services, offices
Broad subject area(s) Fires, explosions and major hazards
Browse category(ies) Waste collection and disposal
Fires