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CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)76040
CIS number 01-118
ISSN - Serial title 1351-0711 - Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Year 1999
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Wang M.L., Pestonk E.L., Beekman L.A., Wagner G.R.
Title Clinically-important FEV1 declines among coal miners: An exploration of previously unrecognized determinants
Bibliographic information Dec. 1999, Vol.56, No.12, p.837-844. Illus. 26 ref.
Abstract The relation between occupational exposure to dust and loss of ventilatory lung function is well established. However, other exposures may also be important. This study was performed in 264 underground coal miners whose lung function had been followed up for an average of 11 years. They were asked by questionnaire about their occupational and non-occupational exposures, smoking, personal and family medical history, and living conditions during childhood. Several variables of the mining environment were found to be associated with excess decline in FEV1, including work in roof bolting, exposure to explosive blasting, and to water sprayed for dust control. Other factors included smoking, body mass, weight gain, childhood pneumonia, and childhood exposure in the home to passive tobacco smoke and smoke from wood and coal fuels. These additional risk factors may be useful in developing approaches to the prevention of chronic respiratory disease.
Descriptors (primary) pulmonary function; chronic respiratory diseases; coal mining; risk factors
Descriptors (secondary) coal dust; smoking; passive smoking; questionnaire survey; smoke producing agents; one-second forced expiratory volume; exposure evaluation; pneumonia
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Mines and quarries
Broad subject area(s) Industries and occupations
Browse category(ies) Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)
Mining and quarrying
Passive smoking