|Document ID (ISN)||76039|
|ISSN - Serial title
||1351-0711 - Occupational and Environmental Medicine
|Convention or series no.
||Smedley J., Jury A., Bendall H., Frew A., Coggon D.
||Prevalence and risk factors for latex allergy: A cross-sectional study in a United Kingdom hospital
||Dec. 1999, Vol.56, No.12, p.833-836. 19 ref.
||To determine the prevalence and risk factors for symptoms related to gloves, and the relation between symptoms and immunological evidence of type I hypersensitivity to latex, a cross-sectional survey was carried out among the hospital's 773 employees. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect information on symptoms related to gloves and associated risk factors among staff likely to use gloves at work. All who reported symptoms suggestive of type I hypersensitivity were invited for skin prick testing and measurement of specific IgE to latex (RAST). Among the 372 responders, symptoms related to gloves were common, 49% reported redness or itching of the hands, 14% reported urticaria, and 6% reported chest tightness. However, the frequency of positive skin prick tests and RASTs was surprisingly low (only two subjects tested positive). These findings indicate the need for caution in the interpretation of symptoms related to gloves even when they seem to suggest type I hypersensitivity.
||protective gloves; latex; risk factors; hospitals; skin allergies
||immunoglobulins; United Kingdom; itch; urticaria; frequency rates; questionnaire survey; cross-sectional study; skin tests; hypersensitivity; immuno-allergy
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||United Kingdom|
|Broad subject area(s)
Health care services
Hand and arm protection