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CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)76039
CIS number 01-152
ISSN - Serial title 1351-0711 - Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Year 1999
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Smedley J., Jury A., Bendall H., Frew A., Coggon D.
Title Prevalence and risk factors for latex allergy: A cross-sectional study in a United Kingdom hospital
Bibliographic information Dec. 1999, Vol.56, No.12, p.833-836. 19 ref.
Abstract To determine the prevalence and risk factors for symptoms related to gloves, and the relation between symptoms and immunological evidence of type I hypersensitivity to latex, a cross-sectional survey was carried out among the hospital's 773 employees. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect information on symptoms related to gloves and associated risk factors among staff likely to use gloves at work. All who reported symptoms suggestive of type I hypersensitivity were invited for skin prick testing and measurement of specific IgE to latex (RAST). Among the 372 responders, symptoms related to gloves were common, 49% reported redness or itching of the hands, 14% reported urticaria, and 6% reported chest tightness. However, the frequency of positive skin prick tests and RASTs was surprisingly low (only two subjects tested positive). These findings indicate the need for caution in the interpretation of symptoms related to gloves even when they seem to suggest type I hypersensitivity.
Descriptors (primary) protective gloves; latex; risk factors; hospitals; skin allergies
Descriptors (secondary) immunoglobulins; United Kingdom; itch; urticaria; frequency rates; questionnaire survey; cross-sectional study; skin tests; hypersensitivity; immuno-allergy
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUnited Kingdom
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Skin diseases
Health care services
Hand and arm protection
Allergies