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Document ID (ISN)75992
CIS number 01-161
ISSN - Serial title 0105-1873 - Contact Dermatitis
Year 2000
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Wallenhammar L.M., Örtengren U., Andreasson H., Barregård L., Björkner B., Karlsson S., Wrangsjö K., Meding B.
Title Contact allergy and hand eczema in Swedish dentists
Bibliographic information Oct. 2000, Vol.43, No.4, p.192-199. 31 ref.
Abstract The occurrence of contact allergy, in particular in reaction to acrylates and methacrylates, was investigated. Certain consequences of hand eczema were evaluated by a questionnaire mailed to 3,500 Swedish dentists. Among respondents residing in three major cities, 14.9% reported hand eczema during the previous year and were invited to a clinical examination, including patch testing. 83% attended, among whom a diagnosis of hand eczema was confirmed in 94% of the cases. Irritant contact dermatitis was diagnosed in 67% and allergic contact dermatitis in 28%. On patch testing, 50% presented at least one positive reaction. The most frequent allergens were nickel sulfate, fragrance mix, gold sodium thiosulfate and thiuram mix. It is concluded that dentistry is a high-risk occupation for hand eczema, and that irritant contact dermatitis is most common. However, the prevalence of contact allergy to acrylates was below 1% in the population of responding dentists.
Descriptors (primary) allergens; acrylates; dental services; dermatitis; eczema; methacrylates
Descriptors (secondary) irritants; Sweden; skin tests; questionnaire survey; skin allergies
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceSweden
Subject(s) Commerce, services, offices
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Skin diseases
Health care services