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Document ID (ISN)75707
CIS number 00-1657
ISSN - Serial title 0090-0036 - American Journal of Public Health
Year 1999
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Chapman S., Borland R., Scollo M., Brownson R.C., Dominello A., Woodward S.
Title The impact of smoke-free workplaces on declining cigarette consumption in Australia and the United States
Bibliographic information July 1999, Vol.89, No.7, p.1018-1023. 50 ref.
Abstract Nineteen studies of the impact of smoke-free workplaces on workday cigarette consumption in Australia and the United States are reviewed. The number and cost of cigarettes forgone are calculated and extrapolated to a scenario in which all indoor work areas were smoke-free. Of the 19 studies, 18 reported declines in daily smoking rates, and 17 reported declines in smoking prevalence. Smoke-free workplaces are currently responsible for an annual reduction of some 602 million cigarettes, or 1.8% of all cigarettes that might otherwise be consumed in Australia, and an annual reduction of 9.7 billion cigarettes (2%) in the United States. Approximately 22.3% of the 2.7 billion decrease in cigarette consumption in Australia between 1988 and 1995 can be attributed to smoke-free workplaces, as can 12.7% of the 76.5 billion decrease in the United States between 1988 and 1994. If workplaces were universally smoke-free, the number of cigarettes forgone annually would increase to 1.14 billion (3.4%) in Australia and 20.9 billion (4.1%) in the United States.
Descriptors (primary) Australia; controlled smoking; smoking; USA
Descriptors (secondary) literature survey; tobacco industry; human behaviour; social aspects; cohort study; mathematical models; case-control study
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceAustralia; USA
Subject(s) Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Fires