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Document ID (ISN)75630
CIS number 00-1408
ISSN - Serial title Fogli d'informazione ISPESL
Year 1999
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Montagnani R., De Merich D., Bavazzano P., Li Donni V., Bellussi A.L., Stradella G., Biondi S.
Title Biological monitoring of occupational exposure in Murano craft shops producing handmade glass
Original title Monitoraggio biologico dell'esposizione lavorativo in aziende artigiane muranesi che producono vetro lavorato a mano [in Italian]
Bibliographic information July-Sep. 1999, Vol.12, No.3, p.151-156. Illus. 11 ref.
Abstract The manufacture of glass articles is heavily concentrated in Murano (Venice, Italy). 125 craftsmen working in 120 small enterprises were monitored for arsenic, antimony and cadmium in urine, and lead in blood. Against reference values from a non-exposed population, a significant proportion of the workers exhibited higher heavy metal levels. The persons most heavily exposed (the owners preparing the glass blends) were not available for the tests. Few companies have adequate local ventilation. However, with the introduction of glass beads (pioneered in Sweden) replacing the powdered ingredients, the substitution of arsenic by antimony, and the relatively low lead levels in Murano glass, exposure to harmful substances is being greatly reduced.
Descriptors (primary) respirable dust; exposure tests; glass industry
Descriptors (secondary) antimony; carcinogens; Italy; arsenic; lead; cadmium; exposure evaluation; substitution; blood monitoring; urine monitoring; tank furnaces
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceItaly
Subject(s) Materials, glass and ceramics
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Glass, pottery and related materials
Biological monitoring