|Document ID (ISN)||75630|
|ISSN - Serial title
||Fogli d'informazione ISPESL
|Convention or series no.
||Montagnani R., De Merich D., Bavazzano P., Li Donni V., Bellussi A.L., Stradella G., Biondi S.
||Biological monitoring of occupational exposure in Murano craft shops producing handmade glass
||Monitoraggio biologico dell'esposizione lavorativo in aziende artigiane muranesi che producono vetro lavorato a mano [in Italian]|
||July-Sep. 1999, Vol.12, No.3, p.151-156. Illus. 11 ref.
||The manufacture of glass articles is heavily concentrated in Murano (Venice, Italy). 125 craftsmen working in 120 small enterprises were monitored for arsenic, antimony and cadmium in urine, and lead in blood. Against reference values from a non-exposed population, a significant proportion of the workers exhibited higher heavy metal levels. The persons most heavily exposed (the owners preparing the glass blends) were not available for the tests. Few companies have adequate local ventilation. However, with the introduction of glass beads (pioneered in Sweden) replacing the powdered ingredients, the substitution of arsenic by antimony, and the relatively low lead levels in Murano glass, exposure to harmful substances is being greatly reduced.
||respirable dust; exposure tests; glass industry
||antimony; carcinogens; Italy; arsenic; lead; cadmium; exposure evaluation; substitution; blood monitoring; urine monitoring; tank furnaces
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||Italy|
||Materials, glass and ceramics
|Broad subject area(s)
||Glass, pottery and related materials