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Document ID (ISN)75516
CIS number 00-1331
ISSN - Serial title 1250-3274 - Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail
Year 1998
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Laraqui C.H., Caubet A., Harourate K., Mehdaoui Z., Laraqui O., Verger C.
Title Prevalence of respiratory disorders among poultry retailers
Original title Prévalence des troubles respiratoires chez les marchands de volailles [in French]
Bibliographic information Dec. 1998, Vol.59, No.8, p.574-580. Illus. 16 ref.
Abstract A retrospective cohort survey was used to evaluate the prevalence of clinical symptoms, skin reactions and respiratory disorders among subjects exposed to poultry in comparison with unexposed individuals. Among the exposed cohort, 77% had clinical symptoms compared with 46% among the unexposed controls. Rhinitis, asthma, dermatitis, conjunctivitis, cough and bronchitis were significantly more frequent among those exposed than the controls. The cause of respiratory disorders was exposure to poultry, as shown by the fact that its prevalence was 1.8-fold higher among non-smokers exposed to poultry than among non-smokers unexposed to poultry. A variable degree of respiratory obstruction was found among 40% of the exposed individuals versus 14% in the unexposed individuals. Skin tests were positive in 22 % of the exposed compared with 15% of the unexposed. Among the 22 exposed individuals with positive skin tests, 6 had allergic reactions to feathers, 7 to moulds and 1 to cereals. These alarming results emphasize the importance of adopting medical and technical prevention measures.
Descriptors (primary) respiratory diseases; slaughtering; developing countries; poultry farming; retail trade
Descriptors (secondary) obstructive ventilatory impairment; rhinitis; smoking; asthma; skin tests; conjunctivitis; questionnaire survey; cohort study; dermatitis
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceFrance; Morocco
Subject(s) Agriculture, fishing, animal husbandry
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)
Retail industry
Livestock rearing
OSH in developing countries