|Document ID (ISN)||75516|
|ISSN - Serial title
||1250-3274 - Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail
|Convention or series no.
||Laraqui C.H., Caubet A., Harourate K., Mehdaoui Z., Laraqui O., Verger C.
||Prevalence of respiratory disorders among poultry retailers
||Prévalence des troubles respiratoires chez les marchands de volailles [in French]|
||Dec. 1998, Vol.59, No.8, p.574-580. Illus. 16 ref.
||A retrospective cohort survey was used to evaluate the prevalence of clinical symptoms, skin reactions and respiratory disorders among subjects exposed to poultry in comparison with unexposed individuals. Among the exposed cohort, 77% had clinical symptoms compared with 46% among the unexposed controls. Rhinitis, asthma, dermatitis, conjunctivitis, cough and bronchitis were significantly more frequent among those exposed than the controls. The cause of respiratory disorders was exposure to poultry, as shown by the fact that its prevalence was 1.8-fold higher among non-smokers exposed to poultry than among non-smokers unexposed to poultry. A variable degree of respiratory obstruction was found among 40% of the exposed individuals versus 14% in the unexposed individuals. Skin tests were positive in 22 % of the exposed compared with 15% of the unexposed. Among the 22 exposed individuals with positive skin tests, 6 had allergic reactions to feathers, 7 to moulds and 1 to cereals. These alarming results emphasize the importance of adopting medical and technical prevention measures.
||respiratory diseases; slaughtering; developing countries; poultry farming; retail trade
||obstructive ventilatory impairment; rhinitis; smoking; asthma; skin tests; conjunctivitis; questionnaire survey; cohort study; dermatitis
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||France; Morocco|
||Agriculture, fishing, animal husbandry
|Broad subject area(s)
||Occupational medicine, epidemiology
||Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)
OSH in developing countries