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CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)75430
CIS number 00-1487
ISSN - Serial title 0095-6562 - Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine
Year 2000
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Palinkas L.A., Gunderson E.K.E., Holland A.W., Miller C., Johnson J.C.
Title Predictors of behavior and performance in extreme environments: The Antarctic Space Analogue Program
Bibliographic information June 2000, Vol.71, No.6, p.619-625. 26 ref.
Abstract To determine the criteria for screening personnel for long-duration space flight, the influence of social and demographic characteristics, personality traits, interpersonal needs, and characteristics of station physical environments on performance measures were examined in 657 men who spent an austral winter in Antarctica between 1963 and 1974. Subjects completed a questionnaire on social and demographic characteristics which assessed 5 different personality traits, and a scale which measured 6 dimensions of interpersonal needs. Station environment included measures of crew size and severity of physical environment. Performance was assessed on the basis of peer-supervisor evaluations of overall performance, peer nominations of fellow crew-members who made ideal winter-over candidates, and self-reported depressive symptoms. Military service, low levels of neuroticism, extraversion and conscientiousness, and a low desire for affection from others were significant predictors of several performance measures.
Descriptors (primary) human relations; space travel; human behaviour; work in confined spaces
Descriptors (secondary) subjective assessment; Antarctic; questionnaire survey; psychology and sociology; neurosis
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Psychology and sociology
Broad subject area(s) Stress, psychosocial factors
Browse category(ies) Psychological factors
Space travel
Confined spaces