|Document ID (ISN)||75430|
|ISSN - Serial title
||0095-6562 - Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine
|Convention or series no.
||Palinkas L.A., Gunderson E.K.E., Holland A.W., Miller C., Johnson J.C.
||Predictors of behavior and performance in extreme environments: The Antarctic Space Analogue Program
||June 2000, Vol.71, No.6, p.619-625. 26 ref.
||To determine the criteria for screening personnel for long-duration space flight, the influence of social and demographic characteristics, personality traits, interpersonal needs, and characteristics of station physical environments on performance measures were examined in 657 men who spent an austral winter in Antarctica between 1963 and 1974. Subjects completed a questionnaire on social and demographic characteristics which assessed 5 different personality traits, and a scale which measured 6 dimensions of interpersonal needs. Station environment included measures of crew size and severity of physical environment. Performance was assessed on the basis of peer-supervisor evaluations of overall performance, peer nominations of fellow crew-members who made ideal winter-over candidates, and self-reported depressive symptoms. Military service, low levels of neuroticism, extraversion and conscientiousness, and a low desire for affection from others were significant predictors of several performance measures.
||human relations; space travel; human behaviour; work in confined spaces
||subjective assessment; Antarctic; questionnaire survey; psychology and sociology; neurosis
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||USA|
||Psychology and sociology
|Broad subject area(s)
||Stress, psychosocial factors