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Document ID (ISN)75291
CIS number 00-1072
ISSN - Serial title 0944-2502 - Zentralblatt für Arbeitsmedizin, Arbeitsschutz und Ergonomie
Year 1999
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Krüger E., Straube E.
Title Exposure of pesticide applicators as a basis for risk assessment
Original title Expositionsumfang bei Pflanzenschutzmittelapplikatoren als Grundlage für die Abschätzung der Belastung [in German]
Bibliographic information Oct. 1999, Vol.49, No.10, p.367-372. Illus. 15 ref.
Abstract The number of hours of exposure and the types of pesticides sprayed by workers on twelve farms in the Land of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany, were determined. These data were collected for 28, 27 and 30 workers in the years 1995, 1996 and 1997. The total hours of exposure in those years ranged from 28 to 727 in 1995, from 4 to 906 in 1996 and from 1 to 983 in 1997. With an average of 56 hours of exposure in the 3 years, pesticides containing pyrethroids as active ingredients were applied the most often. They were followed by carbamate pesticides with an average of 48 hours of exposure over the 3 years and the organophosphorus pesticides with an average 3-year exposure of 38 hours. Only a small proportion of the applied pesticides belonged to the highly toxic or toxic groups. Herbicides were the most frequently used pesticides. From the widely varying extent of individual exposures and types of pesticides used by each worker it is concluded that personal sampling is needed to find the true exposure of each worker.
Descriptors (primary) pesticides; hazard evaluation; pesticide spraying; exposure; agriculture
Descriptors (secondary) herbicides; Germany; organophosphorus compounds; length of exposure; carbamates; exposure evaluation; pyrethroids
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceGermany
Subject(s) Agriculture, fishing, animal husbandry
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Risk evaluation
Agriculture
Agricultural chemicals