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Document ID (ISN)75137
CIS number 00-1029
ISSN - Serial title 0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Year 1999
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Fritschi L., Beach J., Sim M., Abramson M., Benke G., Musk A.W., de Klerk N., McNeil J.
Title Respiratory symptoms and lung function in two prebake aluminium smelters
Bibliographic information May 1999, Vol.35, No.5, p.491-498. 15 ref.
Abstract This cross-sectional study examined work-related respiratory symptoms and lung function in different departments of aluminium smelters compared to administration employees. Multiple logistic regression was performed with each of four work-related symptoms as outcomes and multiple linear regressions were performed with FEV1 and FVC as outcomes. After adjusting for age and smoking, work-related respiratory symptoms were reported significantly more often among the ingot mill, anode and potroom groups in Smelter A. In Smelter B, ingot employees were more likely to report work-related wheeze and potroom employees were more likely to report work-related rhinitis. Symptoms tended to increase with increasing time in the potrooms but were more likely to occur in new employees in the ingot mill and anode process groups. After adjusting for age, height and smoking, there were no significant differences between the process groups for either FEV1 or FVC at Smelter A, and at Smelter B potroom employees had slightly greater FEV1 and FVC than the administration employees.
Descriptors (primary) aluminium industry; pulmonary function; respiratory diseases
Descriptors (secondary) manufacture of electrodes; casting of metals; rhinitis; Australia; statistical evaluation; asthma; one-second forced expiratory volume; cross-sectional study; respiratory function tests; maximal expiratory flow
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceAustralia
Subject(s) Metal production and metalworking
Broad subject area(s) Industries and occupations
Browse category(ies) Smelting and refining operations
Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)