|Document ID (ISN)||75122|
|ISSN - Serial title
||1351-0711 - Occupational and Environmental Medicine
|Convention or series no.
||Plenge-B÷nig A., Karmaus W.
||Exposure to toluene in the printing industry is associated with subfecundity in women but not in men
||July 1999, Vol.56, No.7, p.443-448. Illus. 43 ref.
||00-1073.pdf [in English]
||In a cross-sectional study, a sample of 150 male and 90 female printing industry workers were interviewed retrospectively on reproductive experience with a modified version of the European study of infertility and subfecundity questionnaire. Male workers who had been exposed to different concentrations of toluene and their partners did not show a reduction in fecundity. In women fecundity was reduced. After considering possible biases, low daily exposure to toluene in women seems to be associated with reduced fecundity. This result is in accordance with other findings for organic solvents and supports both the hypotheses that they could affect hormonal regulation and that organic solvents increase early foetal losses, which in turn contributes to lower frequency of unprotected intercourse.
||antifertility effects; women; toluene; printing industry
||organic solvents; sex-linked differences; epidemiologic study; questionnaire survey
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||Germany; USA|
||Paper-making and printing
|Broad subject area(s)
||Antifertility and prenatal effects
Printing, photography and photocopying industry
Genetic factors in reaction to exposures