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CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)75122
CIS number 00-1073
ISSN - Serial title 1351-0711 - Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Year 1999
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Plenge-B÷nig A., Karmaus W.
Title Exposure to toluene in the printing industry is associated with subfecundity in women but not in men
Bibliographic information July 1999, Vol.56, No.7, p.443-448. Illus. 43 ref.
Internet access 00-1073.pdf [in English]
Abstract In a cross-sectional study, a sample of 150 male and 90 female printing industry workers were interviewed retrospectively on reproductive experience with a modified version of the European study of infertility and subfecundity questionnaire. Male workers who had been exposed to different concentrations of toluene and their partners did not show a reduction in fecundity. In women fecundity was reduced. After considering possible biases, low daily exposure to toluene in women seems to be associated with reduced fecundity. This result is in accordance with other findings for organic solvents and supports both the hypotheses that they could affect hormonal regulation and that organic solvents increase early foetal losses, which in turn contributes to lower frequency of unprotected intercourse.
Descriptors (primary) antifertility effects; women; toluene; printing industry
Descriptors (secondary) organic solvents; sex-linked differences; epidemiologic study; questionnaire survey
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceGermany; USA
Subject(s) Paper-making and printing
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Antifertility and prenatal effects
Aromatic hydrocarbons
Printing, photography and photocopying industry
Genetic factors in reaction to exposures