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Document ID (ISN)75033
CIS number 00-719
ISSN - Serial title 1044-3983 - Epidemiology
Year 1999
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Loewenson R.
Title Assessment of the health impact of occupational risk in Africa: Current situation and methodological issues
Bibliographic information Sep. 1999, Vol.10, No.5, p.632-639. 63 ref.
Abstract Information from the current monitoring systems for occupational illness and injury in countries of the Southern African Development Community is presented. These data indicate that the reported annual injury rates for wage workers range widely from 0.35 to 49.42 injuries per 1,000 workers, and reported occupational fatality ranges from 0.85 to 21.6 fatalities per 100,000 workers. Despite wide variability in reported rates (probably caused by variability in coverage and accuracy of reporting systems), transport, agriculture, mining and, to a lesser extent, construction consistently make up about three-quarters of all fatalities, with vehicle- or transport-related causes accounting for high proportions of fatal accidents. The paper identifies and discusses major sources and direction of bias and error in the reported data and suggests approaches for a better assessment of the health impact of occupational illness, injury and mortality in African countries.
Descriptors (primary) occupational hygiene; occupational accidents; risk factors; Africa; occupational diseases
Descriptors (secondary) pesticide poisoning; injection injuries; infectious hepatitis; silicosis; transport; frequency rates; fatalities; agriculture; workmen's compensation; mining industry; construction industry
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceZimbabwe
Subject(s) Medicine, hygiene and first aid
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Bacterial and parasitic diseases
Viral diseases (other than aids)