|Document ID (ISN)||75033|
|ISSN - Serial title
||1044-3983 - Epidemiology
|Convention or series no.
||Assessment of the health impact of occupational risk in Africa: Current situation and methodological issues
||Sep. 1999, Vol.10, No.5, p.632-639. 63 ref.
||Information from the current monitoring systems for occupational illness and injury in countries of the Southern African Development Community is presented. These data indicate that the reported annual injury rates for wage workers range widely from 0.35 to 49.42 injuries per 1,000 workers, and reported occupational fatality ranges from 0.85 to 21.6 fatalities per 100,000 workers. Despite wide variability in reported rates (probably caused by variability in coverage and accuracy of reporting systems), transport, agriculture, mining and, to a lesser extent, construction consistently make up about three-quarters of all fatalities, with vehicle- or transport-related causes accounting for high proportions of fatal accidents. The paper identifies and discusses major sources and direction of bias and error in the reported data and suggests approaches for a better assessment of the health impact of occupational illness, injury and mortality in African countries.
||occupational hygiene; occupational accidents; risk factors; Africa; occupational diseases
||pesticide poisoning; injection injuries; infectious hepatitis; silicosis; transport; frequency rates; fatalities; agriculture; workmen's compensation; mining industry; construction industry
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||Zimbabwe|
||Medicine, hygiene and first aid
|Broad subject area(s)
||Occupational medicine, epidemiology
||Bacterial and parasitic diseases
Viral diseases (other than aids)