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Document ID (ISN)74933
CIS number 00-724
ISSN - Serial title 0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Year 1999
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Cantor K.P., Silbermann W.
Title Mortality among aerial pesticide applicators and flight instructors: Follow-up from 1965-1988
Bibliographic information Aug. 1999, Vol.36, No.2, p.239-247. 42 ref.
Abstract A retrospective cohort mortality study of male aerial pesticide applicators was extended beyond a previous study (1965-1979) through December 31, 1988. Rate ratios (RRs) were used to compare directly adjusted mortality rates between applicators and a comparison cohort of flight instructors. Standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) were calculated for comparisons with the U.S. white male population. In both groups, aircraft accidents were the major cause of death. Compared with flight instructors, aerial applicator pilots were at significantly elevated risk for all causes of death (risk ratio = 1.34) and for malignant neoplasms (1.18), non-motor vehicle accidents (1.71), motor vehicle accidents (1.69) and stroke (1.91). Pancreatic cancer (2.71) and leukaemia (3.35) were significantly elevated. Applicators were at lower risk of colon cancer (0.51) and multiple myeloma (0.23) mortality. Based on U.S. rates, the SMR for all causes of death among applicators was 111 and among instructors, 81.
Descriptors (primary) mortality; aircraft pilots; crop protection; pesticides
Descriptors (secondary) leukaemia; tumour of the pancreas; neurological effects; epidemiologic study; long-term study; cancer
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Industries and occupations
Browse category(ies) Agricultural chemicals