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Document ID (ISN)74830
CIS number 00-781
ISSN - Serial title 0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Year 2000
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Franklin P.J., Goldenberg W.S., Ducatman A.M., Franklin E.
Title Too hot to handle: An unusual exposure of HDI in specialty painters
Bibliographic information Apr. 2000, Vol.37, No.4, p.431-437. 39 ref.
Abstract Between November 1993 and May 1994, seven painters and one boilermaker who were working at three different power plants were examined following complaints of asthma, dyspnoea or rash. At their respective work sites, hexamethylene diisocyanate (HDI) was applied to the hot surfaces of boilers that were shut down but not allowed sufficient time to cool. Consequently, these workers were exposed to volatile HDI and its thermal decomposition products. All of these workers underwent a complete physical examination, spirometry and methacholine challenge testing. All 8 workers complained of dyspnoea, while 4 of the 8 also complained of rash. On examination, 3 workers were methacholine challenge positive and 2 had persistent rash. At follow-up 4 years later, 5 workers still had to use inhalation medication and one had progressive asthma and dermatitis. All 8 workers, by the time of the follow-up, had gone through economic and occupational changes.
Descriptors (primary) hexamethylene diisocyanate; thermal power stations; dermatitis; asthma
Descriptors (secondary) case study; isocyanates; methacholine; dyspnoea; respiratory impairment; painting; allergy tests; inhalation tests; spirometry; volatile substances
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)
Skin diseases
Isocyanates
Cyano compounds
Power generation and distribution