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Document ID (ISN)74590
CIS number 00-546
ISSN - Serial title 0001-4575 - Accident Analysis and Prevention
Year 1999
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Guastello S.J., Gershon R.R.M., Murphy L.R.
Title Catastrophe model for the exposure to blood-borne pathogens and other accidents in health care settings
Bibliographic information Nov. 1999, Vol.31, No.6, p.739-749. Illus. 15 ref.
Abstract Workers at three hospitals were surveyed on HIV-relevant exposures (needlesticks, cuts, splashes, contact with open wounds), the accident rate for broadly-defined injuries, and several occupationally relevant themes. A cusp (cubic polynomial) model predicting HIV-relevant exposures was more accurate than a linear model containing the same variables. Some of the variables predisposed workers to greater differences in HIV-relevant and general accident exposures: shiftwork, climate, depressive symptoms and workpace. Other variables governed how close an individual was to a critical threshold where a harmful incident would take place: verbal abuse, professional group membership. Similarly, a cusp model for accident incidents predicted from HIV-relevant exposures and occupational variables was also more accurate than comparison models. Two variables predisposed the worker to a greater accident risk: depression symptoms and shift work. Four other variables predisposed the worker to lesser accident risk: job satisfaction, safety climate, environment stressors and workpace.
Descriptors (primary) occupational accidents; blood; risk factors; biological hazards; health care personnel
Descriptors (secondary) speed of work; industrial relations; viruses; shift work; virus diseases; infectious hepatitis; social climate; immunodeficiency syndrome; limitation of exposure; hazard evaluation; questionnaire survey; health services; hospitals; stress factors; mathematical models; job dissatisfaction
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Commerce, services, offices
Broad subject area(s) Biological hazards
Browse category(ies) Health care services
Biological hazards
Bacterial and parasitic diseases
Viral diseases (other than aids)