|Document ID (ISN)||74590|
|ISSN - Serial title
||0001-4575 - Accident Analysis and Prevention
|Convention or series no.
||Guastello S.J., Gershon R.R.M., Murphy L.R.
||Catastrophe model for the exposure to blood-borne pathogens and other accidents in health care settings
||Nov. 1999, Vol.31, No.6, p.739-749. Illus. 15 ref.
||Workers at three hospitals were surveyed on HIV-relevant exposures (needlesticks, cuts, splashes, contact with open wounds), the accident rate for broadly-defined injuries, and several occupationally relevant themes. A cusp (cubic polynomial) model predicting HIV-relevant exposures was more accurate than a linear model containing the same variables. Some of the variables predisposed workers to greater differences in HIV-relevant and general accident exposures: shiftwork, climate, depressive symptoms and workpace. Other variables governed how close an individual was to a critical threshold where a harmful incident would take place: verbal abuse, professional group membership. Similarly, a cusp model for accident incidents predicted from HIV-relevant exposures and occupational variables was also more accurate than comparison models. Two variables predisposed the worker to a greater accident risk: depression symptoms and shift work. Four other variables predisposed the worker to lesser accident risk: job satisfaction, safety climate, environment stressors and workpace.
||occupational accidents; blood; risk factors; biological hazards; health care personnel
||speed of work; industrial relations; viruses; shift work; virus diseases; infectious hepatitis; social climate; immunodeficiency syndrome; limitation of exposure; hazard evaluation; questionnaire survey; health services; hospitals; stress factors; mathematical models; job dissatisfaction
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||USA|
||Commerce, services, offices
|Broad subject area(s)
||Health care services
Bacterial and parasitic diseases
Viral diseases (other than aids)