|Document ID (ISN)||74563|
|ISSN - Serial title
||1077-3525 - International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
|Convention or series no.
||Knoblauch A., Steiner B.
||Major accidents related to manure: A case series from Switzerland
||July-Sep. 1999, Vol.5, No.3, p.177-186. Illus. 22 ref.
||Data on 61 serious accidents related to manure exposure in Switzerland between 1951 and 1995 were analysed. 44 were due to inhalation of manure gas, 11 involved falls into manure containers and six were methane explosions. There were 105 victims in all, with 49 fatalities, including 12 in which persons attempting to rescue primary victims died. 37 persons survived gas poisoning. There were 15 successful rescues and four cases in which primary victims saved themselves. The main danger is that of gradual or sudden manure gas intoxication, which is often fatal. However, almost a third of the accidents were due to falls into manure containers or manure gas explosions. Accidents in which victims of gas poisoning regained consciousness and saved themselves are also reported. Analysis of the accident circumstances confirms the importance of strict observation of existing safety guidelines with respect to both structural design and working practices. Specific measures at the scene can substantially increase the chances for survival of both primary victims and would-be rescuers.
||hydrogen sulfide; methane; agriculture; fatalities; liquid manure
||poisoning; livestock rearing; analysis of accident causes; Switzerland; case study; harnesses; fertilizing; rescue training; accident-design relationship; first aid; escape and exit; explosions
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||Switzerland|
||Agriculture, fishing, animal husbandry
|Broad subject area(s)
Inorganic sulfur compounds
Aliphatic and alicyclic hydrocarbons