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Document ID (ISN)74563
CIS number 00-477
ISSN - Serial title 1077-3525 - International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
Year 1999
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Knoblauch A., Steiner B.
Title Major accidents related to manure: A case series from Switzerland
Bibliographic information July-Sep. 1999, Vol.5, No.3, p.177-186. Illus. 22 ref.
Abstract Data on 61 serious accidents related to manure exposure in Switzerland between 1951 and 1995 were analysed. 44 were due to inhalation of manure gas, 11 involved falls into manure containers and six were methane explosions. There were 105 victims in all, with 49 fatalities, including 12 in which persons attempting to rescue primary victims died. 37 persons survived gas poisoning. There were 15 successful rescues and four cases in which primary victims saved themselves. The main danger is that of gradual or sudden manure gas intoxication, which is often fatal. However, almost a third of the accidents were due to falls into manure containers or manure gas explosions. Accidents in which victims of gas poisoning regained consciousness and saved themselves are also reported. Analysis of the accident circumstances confirms the importance of strict observation of existing safety guidelines with respect to both structural design and working practices. Specific measures at the scene can substantially increase the chances for survival of both primary victims and would-be rescuers.
Descriptors (primary) hydrogen sulfide; methane; agriculture; fatalities; liquid manure
Descriptors (secondary) poisoning; livestock rearing; analysis of accident causes; Switzerland; case study; harnesses; fertilizing; rescue training; accident-design relationship; first aid; escape and exit; explosions
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceSwitzerland
Subject(s) Agriculture, fishing, animal husbandry
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Inorganic substances
Inorganic sulfur compounds
Aliphatic and alicyclic hydrocarbons
Agriculture