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Document ID (ISN)74475
CIS number 00-249
ISSN - Serial title 0170-2327 - Ergo-Med
Year 1999
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Rieger M.A., Nübling M., Hofmann F.
Title Spring-summer meningoencephalitis - A problem for occupational medicine
Original title Die Frühsommermeningoenzephalitis als arbeitsmedizinisches Problem [in German]
Bibliographic information Mar.-Apr. 1999, Vol.23, No.2, p.72-85. Illus. 124 ref.
Abstract Literature survey on the present knowledge of the pathogenesis, occurrence, diagnosis and prevention of tick-borne viral meningoencephalitis shows that: the virus causing the disease is borne by two types of the Ixodes tick which are widespread in Europe and Asia. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) is most commonly used by doctors to diagnose the disease. However, the assay is not specific to the antibodies produced by the virus. Yellow fever and dengue fever viruses, which are related to the virus causing the tick-borne meningoencephalitis, may also produce positive ELISA results. In doubtful cases, the more specific Western blot test is used. It is not known at present how many persons bitten by virus-infected ticks are affected. For people working in agriculture, the risk of contracting the disease was found to be moderately higher and for forestry workers significantly higher than the general population. Workers at risk should be vaccinated. Tick-borne meningoencephalitis should be classified as an occupational disease.
Descriptors (primary) occupational diseases; agriculture and forestry; epidemic encephalitis; zoonoses
Descriptors (secondary) literature survey; infectious diseases; pathogenesis; diagnosis; vaccination; virus diseases
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceGermany
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Biological hazards
Browse category(ies) Zoonoses
Bacterial and parasitic diseases
Viral diseases (other than aids)