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Document ID (ISN)74368
CIS number 00-291
ISSN - Serial title 0355-3140 - Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health
Year 1998
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Niedhammer I., Goldberg M., Leclerc A., Bugel I., David S.
Title Psychosocial factors at work and subsequent depressive symptoms in the Gazel cohort
Bibliographic information June 1998, Vol.24, No.3, p.197-205. 39 ref.
Abstract A prospective cohort of workers employed in a wide variety of occupations by the French national company EDF-GDF was studied in order to establish whether psychosocial factors at work are predictors of depressive symptoms. Self-administered questionnaires provided information about the psychosocial work environment characteristics, psychological job demands, decision latitude, and social support at work. Potential confounding variables were age, marital status, number of children, stressful personal and occupational events during the previous 12 months, educational level, occupation and previous absenteeism for mental disorders. High levels of psychological demands, low levels of decision latitude, and low levels of social support at work were significant predictors of subsequent depressive symptoms in both men and women workers. Results strongly support the possibility that psychosocial factors at work are predictive of depressive symptoms.
Descriptors (primary) electric power distribution; depressive neurosis; stress factors; gas industry; electric power generation
Descriptors (secondary) subjective assessment; sickness absenteeism; symptoms; social climate; role of supervisory staff; questionnaire survey; cohort study; sex-linked differences; mental health
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceFrance
Subject(s) Commerce, services, offices
Broad subject area(s) Stress, psychosocial factors
Browse category(ies) Mental health
Power generation and distribution
Mental stress and burnout