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Document ID (ISN)74340
CIS number 00-188
ISSN - Serial title 0340-0131 - International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Year 1999
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Mńkinen M., Kalliokoski P., Kangas J.
Title Assessment of total exposure to phenol-formaldehyde resin glue in plywood manufacturing
Bibliographic information Aug. 1999, Vol.72, No.5, p.309-314. Illus. 15 ref.
Abstract Respiratory and dermal exposure to phenol-formaldehyde resin-glue components used in plywood manufacturing were assessed by monitoring formaldehyde and phenol in the workplace air. Formaldehyde was measured both in the breathing zones of the workers and at stationary sampling sites. Phenol was used as a marker agent for dermal exposure. Formaldehyde was noted to be the major compound causing respiratory exposure. When exposure assessment was done on the basis of air samples collected both at stationary sampling sites and in the breathing zonesof the workers, the agreement between the results obtained was good. The dermal sampling revealed that the workers were exposed to phenol, but the risk for toxic effects was slight due to the low concentrations of urinary phenol. It is concluded that is possible to use a stationary sampling method for the assessment of respiratory exposure in a plywood factory. The importance of taking dermal exposure into account is also outlined.
Descriptors (primary) formaldehyde; woodworking industry; exposure evaluation; phenol
Descriptors (secondary) determination in urine; determination in air
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceFinland
Subject(s) Woodworking industry
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Exposure evaluation
Lumber and the woodworking industry
Phenols and phenolic compounds
Alcohols
Aldehydes
Woodworking industry