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Document ID (ISN)73811
CIS number 99-1538
ISSN - Serial title 1430-9262 - Immissionsschutz
Year 1998
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Darimont T., Hermann B., Melo M., R÷ssner E.
Title Hesse's special programme on plant safety - A report on experience gained
Original title Das hessische Sonderprogramm Analgensicherheit - ein Erfahrungsbericht [in German]
Bibliographic information June 1998, Vol.3, No.2, p.53-64. Illus.
Abstract A plant safety inspection programme was introduced in Hesse, Germany, in 1993 after three major accidents had occurred in the chemical industry. In two cases toxic substances were released into the environment contaminating nearby buildings and injuring people. In one case a worker was killed and two were severely injured by an explosion. Of the approximately 200 chemical plants in Hesse, 64 have been inspected. In three of these plants measures had to be taken immediately to prevent ingnition of an explosive atmosphere and the release of hazardous substances into the neighbourhood. In addition, 100 liquefied gas storage plants, 7 storage tanks containing ammonia, 18 facilities storing pesticides, 10 garbage incinerators, 87 storage facilities for chemical substances and 43 cold storage warehouses using ammonia as a refrigerant underwent inspection. More than 1,000 breaches of safety rules, including the lack of overflow valves, fire alarms, gas detectors and fire extinguishers, were uncovered in the storage facilities. In addition to the results of the inspections, the inspection procedures applied to the chemical plants and storage facilities are outlined. Topics: ammonia; chemical industry; chemical plant; cold storage; explosion hazards; garbage incineration; Germany; Hesse; inspection; liquefied gases; neighbourhood protection; pesticides; safety analysis; safety by design; safety programmes; storage.
Descriptors (primary) chemical industry; Germany; inspection; safety programmes; safety analysis
Descriptors (secondary) Hesse; ammonia; pesticides; liquefied gases; chemical plant; safety by design; explosion hazards; storage; neighbourhood protection; cold storage; garbage incineration
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceGermany
Broad subject area(s) Industries and occupations
Browse category(ies) Safety programmes
Labour inspection
Chemical industry