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Document ID (ISN)73547
CIS number 99-1588
ISSN - Serial title 0098-7484 - Journal of the American Medical Association
Year 1998
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Eisner M.D., Smith A K., Blanc P.D.
Title Bartenders' respiratory health after establishment of smoke-free bars and taverns
Bibliographic information Dec. 1998, Vol.280, No.22, p.1909-1914. 65 ref.
Abstract A cohort of bartenders was interviewed before and after prohibition of smoking in all bars and taverns by the state of California. Spirometric assessment included forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) and forced vital capacity (FVC). At baseline, all 53 bartenders reported workplace environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure. After the smoking ban, self-reported ETS exposure at work declined from a median of 28 to 2 hours per week. Thirty-nine bartenders initially reported respiratory symptoms. Of those symptomatic at baseline, 23 no longer had symptoms at follow-up. Forty-one bartenders initially reported sensory irritation symptoms. At follow-up, 32 of these subjects had resolution of symptoms. After prohibition of workplace smoking, improvement in mean FVC was observed and, to a lesser extent, mean FEV1. Complete cessation of workplace ETS exposure was associated with improved mean FVC and mean FEV1 after controlling for personal smoking and recent upper respiratory tract infections. Topics: California; cohort study; controlled smoking; dose-response relationship; exposure evaluation; maximal expiratory flow; one-second forced expiratory volume; passive smoking; pulmonary function; respiratory diseases; smoking; spirometry; ventilatory capacity; waiters, waitresses and bartenders.
Descriptors (primary) waiters, waitresses and bartenders; passive smoking; controlled smoking; pulmonary function; respiratory diseases
Descriptors (secondary) California; smoking; maximal expiratory flow; ventilatory capacity; dose-response relationship; exposure evaluation; cohort study; spirometry; one-second forced expiratory volume
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)
Passive smoking
Fires
Smoking