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Document ID (ISN)73496
CIS number 99-1576
ISSN - Serial title 1351-0711 - Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Year 1999
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Daniell W.E., Claypoole K.H., Checkoway H., Smith-Weller T., Dager S.R., Townes B.D., Rosenstock L.
Title Neuropsychological function in retired workers with previous long term occupational exposure to solvents
Bibliographic information Feb. 1999, Vol.56, No.2, p.93-105. Illus. 38 ref.
Abstract This cross-sectional study evaluated retired male workers, including 89 people with previous long-term occupational exposure to solvents (painters and aerospace manufacturing workers), and 126 carpenters with relatively minimal previous exposure to solvents. Controlling for age, education, vocabulary score, and alcohol use, the painters had lower mean scores on test measures of motor, memory and reasoning ability; and a subgroup of aerospace workers with moderate to high cumulative exposure to solvents had lower mean scores on measures of visuomotor speed and motor, attention, memory and reasoning ability. Subjects were more likely to have an increased number of relatively abnormal test scores among both the painter group and the subgroup of aerospace workers with higher cumulative exposure. The painters, but not the aerospace workers, reported significantly more neurological and depressive symptoms. The findings are consistent with residual central nervous system dysfunction from long term exposure to organic solvents, persisting years after the end of exposure. Topics: aircraft industry; alcoholism; carpentry; lead; cognitive performance; cross-sectional study; cumulative properties; depressive neurosis; determination in blood; exposure evaluation; functional nervous disorders; long-term exposure; nervous function tests; neuropsychic effects; painting; retired workers; solvents.
Descriptors (primary) functional nervous disorders; neuropsychic effects; long-term exposure; solvents
Descriptors (secondary) nervous function tests; cognitive performance; lead; alcoholism; depressive neurosis; painting; retired workers; exposure evaluation; cross-sectional study; aircraft industry; cumulative properties; determination in blood; carpentry
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceTurkey; USA
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Mental health
Alcohol and drug abuse
Diseases of the nervous system